Driverless cars were first thought to be just another passing technology fad but the truth is that they could be the future of transportation. These cars are gaining traction by the day and soon, they will be the norm. New developments continue to be seen in the driverless car industry in that major car manufacturing industries are buying into it. Ride sharing services and tech companies like Apple and Google have shown interest in the driverless cars space as well.
Essentially, a driverless car is a car that is able to navigate to its destination, avoid any obstacles and be able to park without human intervention. Such cars have to be fitted with a superior artificial intelligence system that will enable it to sense the surrounding and be able to process the visual signal and avoid collisions. Some of the creators of these autonomous cars are GM, Waymo, Daimler-Bosch, Ford, VolksWagen Group, BMW Intel-FCA, Aptive and Renault- Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance. General Motors has revealed one of its recent designs which is a level 4 self-driving AV and does not include a steering wheel.
Pros and Cons of Driverless Cars
- The number of accidents will be significantly reduced given that 81% of all car accidents are caused by human error. Autonomous vehicles will greatly reduce these accidents and take danger out of driving
- Driverless cars eliminate “distracted driving” because a computer cannot be distracted. Drivers are often distracted by radios, texting or talking on the phone and so eliminating the risk of being distracted will help save
- Self-driving cars are cost-effective. There is over $9.2 million in car, health and life insurance policies put on each human and using autonomous cars will significantly reduce the cost of
- Autonomous car are helpful to disabled persons. These individuals will not have to rely on public transport or the help of others when they need to move around. Driverless cars will bring to them a new sense of freedom and increased
- Traffic and congestion will also be reduced because varying speeds and impatient drivers that cause congestion will be done away with. The computers are able to communicate with each other and detect accidents before they
- Drunken driving incidents will also be reduced. There will be no need of designated drivers or people driving under the
- The cost of driverless cars is extremely high for the average individual. The average cost is set at $100,000 and many people may not afford
- Driverless cars need to be widely adopted which might prove to be a challenge. Many people are still using human controlled cars and accidents will still be
- Driverless cars are prone to hacking just like any other computer-driven
- Unemployment rates may also spike because public transportation and taxi drivers may be put out of work. This may be detrimental to the
Twenty nine states in the United States have enacted legislation related to autonomous vehicles. Driverless cars can also go on public roads in Ontario, Canada and the United Kingdom has begun driverless car review that will see the implementation of the technology by 2021. In Southern China, the government has opened some of its roads in Guangzhou for the road testing of driverless cars.
Automated cars present a myriad of benefits to millions of people across the globe and safe road travels and more mobility freedom are welcome. The technology may, however be too expensive and lack of precedents earlier on in its developmental stages may not set a great start for the cars’ reception.